Selling Guide

Published December 16, 2020

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What are the requirements for owner-occupancy?

Principal Residence Properties

A principal residence is a property that the borrower occupies as his or her primary residence. The following table describes conditions under which Fannie Mae considers a residence to be a principal residence even though the borrower will not be occupying the property.

Borrower Types Requirements for Owner-Occupancy
Multiple borrowers Only one borrower needs to occupy and take title to the property, except as otherwise required for mortgages that have guarantors or co-signers. (See B2-2-04, Guarantors, Co-Signers, or Non-Occupant Borrowers on the Subject Transaction.)
Parents or legal guardian wanting to provide housing for their handicapped or disabled adult child If the child is unable to work or does not have sufficient income to qualify for a mortgage on his or her own, the parent or legal guardian is considered the owner/occupant.
Children wanting to provide housing for parents If the parent is unable to work or does not have sufficient income to qualify for a mortgage on his or her own, the child is considered the owner/occupant.

Note: If a property is used as a group home, and a natural-person individual occupies the property as a principal residence or as a second home, Fannie Mae’s terms and conditions for such occupancy status as provided will be applicable.

For additional information, see B2-1.1-01, Occupancy Types. For the maximum allowable LTV/CLTV/HCLTV ratios and representative credit score requirements for principal residence properties, see the Eligibility Matrix.

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