This topic contains information on occupancy type requirements, including:
Fannie Mae purchases or securitizes mortgages secured by properties that are principal residences, second homes, or investment properties. For the maximum allowable LTV/CLTV/HCLTV ratios and representative credit score requirements for each occupancy type, see the Eligibility Matrix.
A principal residence is a property that the borrower occupies as his or her primary residence. The following table describes conditions under which Fannie Mae considers a residence to be a principal residence even though the borrower will not be occupying the property.
|Borrower Types||Requirements for Owner-Occupancy|
|Multiple borrowers||Only one borrower needs to occupy and take title to the property, except as otherwise required for mortgages that have guarantors or co-signers. (See B2-2-04, Guarantors, Co-Signers, or Non-Occupant Borrowers on the Subject Transaction.)|
|Parents or legal guardian wanting to provide housing for their handicapped or disabled adult child||If the child is unable to work or does not have sufficient income to qualify for a mortgage on his or her own, the parent or legal guardian is considered the owner/occupant.|
|Children wanting to provide housing for parents||If the parent is unable to work or does not have sufficient income to qualify for a mortgage on his or her own, the child is considered the owner/occupant.|
The table below provides the requirements for second home properties.
|✓||Second Home Requirements|
|must be occupied by the borrower for some portion of the year|
|is restricted to one-unit dwellings|
|must be suitable for year-round occupancy|
|the borrower must have exclusive control over the property|
|must not be rental property or a timeshare arrangement1|
|cannot be subject to any agreements that give a management firm control over the occupancy of the property|
For additional guidance on entering housing expenses in DU for second home properties, see the related DU Job Aid.
An LLPA applies to certain loans secured by second homes. This LLPA is in addition to any other price adjustments that are otherwise applicable to the particular transaction. See the Loan-Level Price Adjustment (LLPA) Matrix.
An investment property is owned but not occupied by the borrower. An LLPA applies to all mortgage loans secured by an investment property. These LLPAs are in addition to any other price adjustments that are otherwise applicable to the particular transaction. See the Loan-Level Price Adjustment (LLPA) Matrix.
For borrowers who are natural-person individuals, eligibility and pricing for group homes will be the same as currently provided under the terms and conditions established for investment, second home, or owner-occupied properties, depending on the particular occupancy status.
For additional guidance on entering housing expenses in DU for investment properties, see the related DU Job Aid.
If the lender identifies rental income from the property, the loan is eligible for delivery as a second home as long as the income is not used for qualifying purposes, and all other requirements for second homes are met (including the occupancy requirement above).