Selling Guide

Published June 3, 2020

The Selling Guide is organized into parts that reflect how lenders generally categorize various aspects of their business relationship with Fannie Mae. To begin browsing, select from any of the sections below. You may also download the entire Selling Guide in PDF format.

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B2-1.2-02, Combined Loan-to-Value (CLTV) Ratios (12/04/2018)


This topic contains information on CLTV ratios, including:

Calculation of the CLTV Ratio

For first mortgage loans that are subject to subordinate financing, the lender must calculate the LTV ratio and the CLTV ratio. For first mortgage loans that are subject to a HELOC, see B2-1.2-03, Home Equity Combined Loan-to-Value (HCLTV) Ratios. For all other subordinate liens, see B2-1.2-04, Subordinate Financing for additional information.

The CLTV ratio is determined by dividing the sum of the items listed below by the lesser of the sales price or the appraised value of the property.

  • the original loan amount of the first mortgage,

  • the drawn portion (outstanding principal balance) of a HELOC, and

  • the unpaid principal balance of all closed-end subordinate financing. (With a closed-end loan, a borrower draws down all funds on day one and may not make any payment plan changes or access any paid-down principal once the loan is closed.)

Note: For each subordinate liability, in order for the lender to accurately calculate the CLTV ratio for eligibility and underwriting purposes, the lender must determine the drawn portion of all HELOCs, if applicable, and the unpaid principal balance for all closed-end subordinate financing. If any subordinate financing is not shown on a credit report, the lender must obtain documentation from the borrower or creditor.

If the borrower discloses, or the lender discovers, new (or increased) subordinate financing after the underwriting decision has been made, up to and concurrent with closing, the lender must re-underwrite the mortgage loan. (See B3-6-02, Debt-to-Income Ratios, for additional information.)

Refer to the Eligibility Matrix for allowable CLTV ratios.

Loan-Level Price Adjustments

An LLPA applies to certain mortgages with subordinate financing. These LLPAs are in addition to any other price adjustments that are otherwise applicable to the particular transaction. See the Loan-Level Price Adjustment (LLPA) Matrix.

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B2-1.2-01, Loan-to-Value (LTV) Ratios (03/29/2016)

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