Selling Guide

Published June 3, 2020

The Selling Guide is organized into parts that reflect how lenders generally categorize various aspects of their business relationship with Fannie Mae. To begin browsing, select from any of the sections below. You may also download the entire Selling Guide in PDF format.

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B3-4.3-15, Borrowed Funds Secured by an Asset (10/30/2009)

Introduction

This topic contains information on borrowed funds secured by an asset, including:

 

Borrowed Funds Secured by an Asset

Borrowed funds secured by an asset are an acceptable source of funds for the down payment, closing costs, and reserves, since borrowed funds secured by an asset represent a return of equity.

Assets that may be used to secure funds include automobiles, artwork, collectibles, real estate, or financial assets, such as savings accounts, certificates of deposit, stocks, bonds, and 401(k) accounts.

 

Secured Loans as Debt

When qualifying the borrower, the lender must consider monthly payments for secured loans as a debt.

If a secured loan does not require monthly payments, the lender must calculate an equivalent amount and consider that amount as a recurring debt.

When loans are secured by the borrower’s financial assets, monthly payments for the loan do not have to be considered as long-term debt.

 

Reducing the Asset by the Amount Borrowed

If the borrower uses the same financial asset as part of his or her financial reserves, the lender must reduce the value of the asset by the amount of proceeds and related fees for the secured loan.

 

Documentation Requirements

The lender must document the following:

  • the terms of the secured loan,

  • evidence that the party providing the secured loan is not a party to the sale, and

  • evidence that the funds have been transferred to the borrower.

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