Selling Guide

Published April 07, 2021

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B3-3.3-05, Income or Loss Reported on IRS Form 1040, Schedule E (09/30/2014)

Introduction

This topic contains information on income or loss reported on IRS Form 1040, Schedule E, including:

 

Overview

Income received from rents, royalties, and distributions from partnerships, corporations, estates, trusts, etc., is calculated on IRS Form 1040, Schedule E, and transferred to IRS Form 1040.

Rather than using Schedule E for income related to distributions from partnerships, corporations, estates, and trusts, the lender should rely on Schedule K-1 (see B3-3.3-07, Income or Loss Reported on IRS Form 1065 or IRS Form 1120S, Schedule K-1).

 

Royalty Income

Schedule E should be used to determine the supplemental income to use for royalties. The lender must include the total amount of royalty payments received, and must document the borrower’s receipt of royalty income for 12 months and the likelihood of continued receipt of such income for at least three years (see B3-3.1-09, Other Sources of Income)

 

Rental Income

If rental income is reported on Schedule E, only the rental income that relates to properties shown on the Schedule of Real Estate Owned on the borrower’s loan application should be included.

All regular and ongoing expenses for the properties, such as maintenance, advertising, management fees, utilities, homeowners’ association dues, and supply costs, should be subtracted from the borrower’s cash flow.

Depending on the approach used to calculate cash flow, adjustments will need to be made for depreciation and any one-time extraordinary expenses, such as the costs of repairing damage that resulted from a natural disaster.

In most situations, the full amount of the mortgage payment for a rental property will be factored into the net rental income calculation, but it may also be counted as part of the liabilities that are considered in the calculation of the borrower’s total debt-to-income ratio. Therefore, the lender must add back any portion of the mortgage payment, including interest, taxes, and insurance, necessary to avoid double counting of these expenses.

The lender must pay particular attention to the effect of “passive loss” limitations or prior “carryovers” related to the borrower’s rental properties and, depending on the method it uses for the cash flow analysis, make any special adjustments necessary to account for them.

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