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E-3-03, Acronyms and Glossary of Defined Terms: C (02/07/2024)


The addition of certain amounts due under the mortgage—such as tax and insurance payments made by the servicer or delinquent interest installments—to the unpaid principal balance of the mortgage, either because the borrower was unable to pay them or the servicer paid them on the borrower’s behalf.

cash back pair-off

A process under which Fannie Mae provides a lender cash back if the lender is unable to meet the terms of a mandatory whole loan delivery commitment and, because of market fluctuations, the applicable whole loan price at commitment is greater than the price at the time of pair-off.

cash-out refinance

A refinancing transaction in which the amount of money received from the new loan exceeds the total of the money needed to repay the existing first mortgage, closing costs, points, and the amount required to satisfy any outstanding subordinate mortgage liens.


consolidation, extension, and modification agreement

closing costs

Money paid by the borrower to effect the closing of a mortgage loan. This generally includes an origination fee, title exam, title insurance, survey, attorney’s fees, prepaid items such as taxes and insurance escrow payments, and any discount points paid.


combined loan-to-value


For Fannie Mae’s purposes, this term is used to describe any borrower other than the first borrower whose name appears on the mortgage note, even when that person owns the property jointly with the first borrower (and is jointly and severally liable for the note).


unit in a cooperative project


A property insurance provision that penalizes the insured's loss recovery if the limit of insurance purchased by the insured is less than a specified percentage (typically 80, 90 or 100 percent) of the replacement cost value of the insured property.

combined loan-to-value (CLTV) ratio

A ratio that is used for a mortgage loan that is subject to subordinate financing, which is calculated by dividing the sum of (1) the original loan amount of the first mortgage, (2) the drawn portion (outstanding principal balance) of any HELOC from which the borrower has withdrawn funds, and (3) the unpaid principal balance of all other subordinate financing, by the lower of the property’s sales price or appraised value.

commercial space

Space in a condo, co-op, or PUD project or in buildings in which a condo, co-op, or PUD project is located that is used for non-residential purposes. Examples include, but are not limited to, office space, retail shops, or apartment rentals.

common area assessments

Mandatory periodic or regularly charged fees or dues (also referred to as common charges or common expense assessments) assessed against individual unit owners in a condo or PUD project for additional capital to defray the homeowners’ association’s costs and expenses and to repair, replace, maintain, improve, or operate the common areas of the project.

common elements (areas)

Those portions of a building, land, or amenities owned or managed by the homeowners’ association of a condo or PUD project (or by a co-op project’s co-op corporation) that are used by all of the unit owners, who share in the common expenses of their operation and maintenance. Common areas are defined in the project documents and may include, but are not limited to, swimming pools, tennis courts, and other recreational facilities, as well as common corridors of buildings, parking areas, and means of ingress and egress. (Also see amenities and common area assessments.)

community facilities districts

Localities that have been empowered by state law to levy special taxes on their residents to fund the capital costs of a wide variety of public improvements (such as roads and sewer services), as well as the ongoing operation and maintenance costs of a limited number of public services (such as schools, police and fire protection services, libraries, etc.) that benefit the community.

Community Seconds

A subsidized second mortgage typically made by a federal, state, or local government agency, a nonprofit organization, a regional Federal Home Loan Bank under one of its affordable housing programs, a federally recognized Native American tribe and its sovereign instrumentalities, or an employer.

compensatory fee

A fee Fannie Mae charges to compensate for damages that maybe incurred as the result of a lender’s failure to comply with a specific policy or procedure or to emphasize the importance Fannie Mae places on a particular aspect of the lender’s performance.


Depending on context, may refer to a determination that a building is not fit for use or is dangerous and must be destroyed, or the taking of private property for a public purpose through an exercise of the right of eminent domain.

conditional project approval

The first stage of Fannie Mae’s approval of a condo, co-op, or PUD project. It is issued after a preliminary review of the project, and it specifies any conditions that must be satisfied before Fannie Mae will issue a final approval for the project.

conditional tender of payment

A procedure whereby a lender offers a borrower an opportunity to “refinance” a mortgage at minimal or no cost through modification of the existing mortgage, endorsement of the mortgage note, and assignment of the original mortgage, rather than by satisfaction of the existing mortgage debt.


unit in a condominium project

Condo Project Manager (CPM)

A Web-based application available to lenders that supports a lender’s Full Review of a condo project by providing key project eligibility questions to assist the lender in determining whether the project meets Fannie Mae’s eligibility requirements. CPM is also used to communicate eligibility decisions made by Fannie Mae.

condominium (condo) conversion

Legal change in the ownership of an existing building (usually a rental project) to the condominium form of ownership through the recording of a declaration or master deed.

condominium (condo) hotel

Any project that is managed or operated like a hotel, motel, resort, inn, or lodge where the individual units are either sold as co-op or condo units.

condominium (condo) unit

A unit in a condominium project. Each unit owner has title to their individual unit, an individual interest in the project’s common areas, and, in some cases, the exclusive use of certain limited common areas.

conforming mortgage loan

A conventional mortgage loan that has an original loan amount not exceeding the current Fannie Mae loan limit (“current” refers to when Fannie Mae purchased or securitized the mortgage). If a mortgage was originated prior to the current year, the loan limit that was in effect on the origination date is disregarded.

construction-to-permanent mortgage

A mortgage that provides funds for the acquisition or refinancing of unimproved land and the construction of a residential dwelling on the land.

consumer reporting agency (or bureau)

An organization that is engaged in the preparation of reports that are used by credit grantors to determine the credit and public records history of an individual. The agency obtains data for these reports from repositories of accumulated credit records as well as from other sources.

conventional mortgage

A mortgage that is not insured or guaranteed by a federal government agency—the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), or Rural Development (RD). Conventional mortgages delivered to Fannie Mae must also be conforming mortgages.

converted ARM resale commitment

A type of whole loan commitment to provide coverage for the redelivery of converted ARMs that were originally in an MBS pool that had a take-out post-conversion disposition option.

convertible ARM

A type of adjustable-rate mortgage that includes an option for the borrower to change the mortgage to a fixed-rate mortgage in the early years of the mortgage term.

cooperative (co-op) corporation

A business trust entity that holds title to a co-op project and grants occupancy rights to particular apartments or units to shareholders through proprietary leases or similar arrangements.

cooperative (co-op) mortgages

Mortgages related to a co-op project. This usually refers to multifamily mortgages covering the entire project.

cooperative (co-op) project

A residential or mixed-use building wherein a corporation or trust holds title to the property and sells shares of stock representing the value of a single apartment unit to individuals who, in turn, receive a proprietary lease as evidence of title.

cooperative (co-op) share loan

A loan secured by a co-op unit that finances (or refinances) the purchase of an ownership interest and the accompanying occupancy rights in a co-op housing corporation. It is secured by an assignment of the occupancy agreement and a pledge of the co-op shares.


Action taken by the lender, typically through delivery of documentation or information to Fannie Mae, that demonstrates that the identified significant defect (i) did not, in fact, exist at the time of loan purchase or securitization; or (ii) has been corrected in the time frame and manner specified in the Lender Contract such that the defect is no longer considered by Fannie Mae to be a significant defect.

correspondent origination

A loan that is originated by a party other than a mortgage loan seller (or its parent company, controlled affiliate, or subsidiary) and is then sold to a mortgage loan seller. A lender correspondent performs the loan processing functions (such as taking loan applications; ordering credit reports and title reports; requesting appraisals; and verifying a borrower’s income and employment) without the assistance of a broker. The lender correspondent typically underwrites the loan, but correspondent loans may also include loans where the correspondent has not received delegated underwriting authority from a mortgage loan seller and, accordingly, did not underwrite the loan. The lender correspondent funds the loan at settlement, and the loan is closed in the name of the lender correspondent, which may or may not service the loan.

cost approach to value

A method of measuring the value of a property based on the cost of producing a substitute residence that has the same use as the property that is being appraised.


Consumer Price Index


Condo Project Manager

credit life insurance

A type of insurance purchased by a borrower to pay off the mortgage debt if the borrower dies while the policy is in force.

credit score

A numerical value that ranks an individual according to their credit risk at a given point in time, as derived from a statistical evaluation of information in the individual’s credit file that has been proven to be predictive of loan performance. When this term is used by Fannie Mae, it is referring to the classic FICO score developed by Fair Isaac Corporation.


Collateral Underwriter


Committee on Uniform Security Identification Procedures

CUSIP number

A nine-digit number, which is required for book-entry delivery of mortgage-backed securities, that uniquely identifies the MBS to which it is assigned.

custodial account

A bank account that a lender must establish to hold the funds of others—the borrower and Fannie Mae—as opposed to any account established to hold the lender’s corporate funds.